As influxes of people due to mass migration, over-population and tourism, cities of the 21st century needs to change in how they are planned, built, and inhabited. If not planned properly, too many people in a dense environment may cause unexpected scenarios that result in negative outcomes.
Smart city initiatives have always been initiated by private sectors presented through technology implementation and technical roadmap for the government. This is an ineffective approach to build a smart city.
As economies progress beyond industrialization, it is less about the physical infrastructure - roads, buildings, etc. It is more about how cities and inhabitants communicate and build relationships. Hence, cities need to change how services are delivered and utilized to people.
This infographic is a synthesis on how to design a smart city for the 21st century.